Sons of the American Legion
Squadron 77
Hendersonville, NC

Welcome to the Sons of the American Legion Squadron 77, Hendersonville, NC.
We hope you become an active member and one who serves the Squadron and supports Post.  The current officers will ensure you  are welcomed and understand your role in the Squadron. We encourage you to review the handbook and learn more about the purpose and meaning of the Sons of the American Legion.
Too many people join the post, receive a card, and never or seldom attend a meeting. This is not the intention of becoming a member. Your membership card is not just a pass to the Canteen.
The Squadron is working to create a post that is active and supports the Preamble to the National CONSTITUTION. As a new member you play a key role in that success.
Meetings are held on the THIRD THURSDAY of the month in the Membership hall of Post 77. The meeting starts at 7:00 PM and generally last an hour to an hour and half.
As a new member we encourage you to arrive 30 minutes early to the first several meetings so an officer can review several key points with you about the Squadron and the Post. 
You will receive a membership card which when shown to a member of the Canteen staff, you will receive a key card which will allow you to enter the canteen though the front Memorial Garden Entrance or the side entrance during normal canteen hours. See the Canteen page in on the web site for hours and more information.
You and your family or guest are welcomed to come WITH YOU to eat or drink at the canteen. You have two responsibilities for any guest you bring.
1. You are responsibile for their behavior
2. You must sign them in the guest book as a guest  under your name.
Although simple, they are important. Guest must be signed in according to American Legion Policy and insurance policies.
You can smoke in the canteen.
Dress for meetings and cermonies.
There is no dress requirement for normal S.A.L. Meeting. However, some cermonies and special meetings, may require more business like atire.
Sons of the American Legion hats are encouraged and can be obtained from the American Legion Flag and Emblem Store.
You may need to call them directly when you order your hat.
Ensure you include your Squadron number on the hat, Squadron 77.
Include the dogwood emblem on the front of the hat.
Include your city on the hat, Hendersonville, NC.
Other special clothing  and emblems from the Store can be purchased
Please note your hat and other material purchased is your responsible. 
Sons of the American Legion Meeting 
There is no smoking during any Sons of the American Legion Meeting.
Cell Phones must be turned off during the meetings. If your cell phone is heard, you buy a round of drinks for all in the meeting.
As part of the opening the members recite the Preamble to the National Constitution. Please become familiar with it to encourage participation during the meeting and to understand the purpose of the Sons of the American Legion.

Proud possessors of a priceless heritage, we male descendants of veteransof the Great Wars, associate ourselves together as “Sons of The AmericanLegion” for the following purposes:

To uphold and defend the Constitution of the United States of America; to maintain law and order; to foster and perpetuate a true spirit of Americanism;

To preserve the memories of our former members and the association of our members and our forefathers in the Great Wars;
To inculcate a sense of individual obligation to the Community, State and Nation;
To combat the autocracy of both the classes and the masses;
To make right the master of might;
To promote peace and good will on earth;
To safeguard and transmit to posterity the principles of justice, freedom and democracy,
To consecrate and sanctify our friendship by our devotion to mutual helpfulness;
To adopt in letter and spirit all of the great principles for which the American Legion stands;
and to assist in carrying on for God and Country
Manual of Cermony and PRAYERS
The above maual is utilized during the meeting at key times as identified.
Table of Contents
Dedication -
Introduction 1
Invocations 3-4
Benedictions 4-5
Table Graces 6

Installation Of Officers 7
Thanksgiving Prayer 8
Flag Day 9
Birthday Dinner Prayer 9
For The Bereaved 10
For The Deceased 11
For Prisoners Of War 12
Memorial Prayers 12
Memorial Service 13
For God And Country Day 15
Funeral Services 15
Graveside Service 16
Squadron Everlasting 17
The Lord’s Prayer 18
This Manual of Ceremony and Prayer is dedicated
to all the Sons of The American Legion, and
to all those members of The American Legion
who believed in 1932 that God would grant the
world peace, and wanted to pass on to further
generations, the programs of working “For God
and Country” and thus began the Sons of The
American Legion.
There is also a dedication that we owe to those
of our ranks who have gone on to give service to
their country, who have joined The American
Legion and especially those who have offered the
supreme sacrifice of their lives for our freedom.
This manual is dedicated to all of the Past
Chaplains and to all of the future ones.
The Past Chaplains have been there leading
the Sons of The American Legion with prayers,
cards, calls, and spiritual leadership. These
individuals have helped lead this organization
keeping it heading in the direction of God’s will.
The future Chaplains, for they will be responsible
for maintaining the spiritual direction and commitment
of the Sons of The American Legion, as
we continue heading in the direction that God
would like us to be going.

Flag Ediquete 

Flag-Folding Procedures
The traditional method of folding the flag is as follows:
(A) Straighten out the flag to full length and fold lengthwise once.

(B) Fold it lengthwise a second time to meet the open edge, making sure that the union of stars on the blue field remains outward in full view. (A large flag may have to be folded lengthwise a third time.)

(C) A triangular fold is then started by bringing the striped corner of the folded edge to the open edge.

(D) The outer point is then turned inward, parallel with the open edge, to form a second triangle.

(E) The diagonal or triangular folding is continued toward the blue union until the end is reached, with only the blue showing and the form being that of a cocked (three-corner) hat.
Meaning of Flag-Folding Program

The flag-folding ceremony represents the same religious principles on which our great country was originally founded.

The portion of the flag denoting honor is the canton of blue containing the stars representing states our veterans served in uniform. The canton field of blue dresses from left to right and is inverted only when draped as a pall on the casket of a veteran who has served our country honorably in uniform.

In the U.S. Armed Forces, at the ceremony of retreat, the flag is lowered, folded in a triangle fold and kept under watch throughout the night as a tribute to our nation’s honored dead. The next morning it is brought out and, at the ceremony of reveille, run aloft as a symbol of our belief in the resurrection of the body.

Symbols for the Folds of the Flag

The first fold of our flag is a symbol of life.

The second fold is a symbol of our belief in eternal life.

The third fold is made in honor and remembrance of the veteran departing our ranks, and who gave a portion of his or her life for the defense of our country to attain peace throughout the world.

The fourth fold represents our weaker nature; as American citizens trusting in God, it is to Him we turn in times of peace, as well as in times of war, for His divine guidance.

The fifth fold is a tribute to our country, for in the words of Stephen Decatur, “Our country, in dealing with other countries, may she always be right, but it is still our country, right or wrong.”

The sixth fold is for where our hearts lie. It is with our heart that we pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the republic for which it stands, one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.

The seventh fold is a tribute to our armed forces, for it is through the armed forces that we protect our country and our flag against all enemies, whether they be found within or without the boundaries of our republic.

The eighth fold is a tribute to the one who entered into the valley of the shadow of death, that we might see the light of day, and to honor our mother, for whom it flies on Mother’s Day.

The ninth fold is a tribute to womanhood, for it has been through their faith, love, loyalty and devotion that the character of the men and women who have made this country great have been molded.

The 10th fold is a tribute to father, for he, too, has given his sons and daughters for the defense of our country since he or she was first born.

The 11th fold, in the eyes of Hebrew citizens, represents the lower portion of the seal of King David and King Solomon and glorifies, in their eyes, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

The 12th fold, in the eyes of a Christian citizen, represents an emblem of eternity and glorifies, in their eyes, God the Father, the Son and Holy Ghost.
When the flag is completely folded, the stars are uppermost, reminding us of our national motto, “In God We Trust.”

After the flag is completely folded and tucked in, it has the appearance of a cocked hat, ever reminding us of the soldiers who served under Gen. George Washington and the sailors and Marines who served under Capt. John Paul Jones and were followed by their comrades and shipmates in the U.S. Armed Forces, preserving for us the rights, privileges and freedoms we enjoy today.

The source and the date of origin of this Flag Folding Procedure is unknown, however some sources attribute it to the Gold Star Mothers of America while others to an Air Force chaplain stationed at the United States Air Force Academy. Others consider it to be an urban legend. It is provided as a patriotic service to all.

VA Clarifies Policy on Flag-Folding Recitations “13-Fold” Ceremony, Other Scripts Approved

To ensure burial services at the 125 national cemeteries operated by the Department of Veterans Affairs reflect the wishes of veterans and their families, VA officials have clarified the department’s policy about recitations made while the U.S. flag is folded at the grave site of a veteran.

“Honoring the burial wishes of veterans is one of the highest commitments for the men and women of VA,” said William F. Tuerk, VA’s under secretary for Memorial Affairs. “A family may request the recitation of words to accompany the meaningful presentation of the American flag as we honor the dedication and sacrifice of their loved ones.”
Traditional grave site military funeral honors include the silent folding and presentation of a U.S. flag, three rifle volleys and the playing of “Taps.” 

The clarification includes the following:
Volunteer honor guards are authorized to read the 13-fold flag recitation or any comparable script;
Survivors of the deceased need to provide material and request it be read by the volunteer honor guards; and
Volunteer honor guards will accept requests for recitations that reflect any or no religious traditions, on an equal basis.
Veterans with a discharge other than dishonorable, their spouses and eligible dependent children can be buried in a national cemetery.
Other burial benefits available for all eligible veterans, regardless of whether they are buried in a national cemetery or a private cemetery, include a burial flag, a Presidential Memorial Certificate, and a government headstone or marker.

 Respect for flag
No disrespect should be shown to the flag of the United States of America; the flag should not be dipped to any person or thing. Regimental colors, State flags, and organization or institutional flags are to be dipped as a mark of honor.
(a) The flag should never be displayed with the union down, except as a signal of dire distress in instances of extreme danger to life or property.
(b) The flag should never touch anything beneath it, such as the ground, the floor, water, or merchandise.
(c) The flag should never be carried flat or horizontally, but always aloft and free.
(d) The flag should never be used as wearing apparel, bedding, or drapery. It should never be festooned, drawn back, nor up, in folds, but always allowed to fall free.
Bunting of blue, white, and red always arranged with the blue above, the white in the middle, and the red below, should be used for covering a speaker's desk, draping the front of the platform, and for decoration in general.
(e) The flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored in such a manner as to permit it to be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way.
(f) The flag should never be used as a covering for a ceiling.
(g) The flag should never have placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture, or drawing of any nature.
(h) The flag should never be used as a receptacle for receiving, holding, carrying, or delivering anything.
(i) The flag should never be used for advertising purposes in any manner whatsoever. It should not be embroidered on such articles as cushions or handkerchiefs and the like, printed or otherwise impressed on paper napkin or boxes or anything that is designed for temporary use and discard. Advertising signs should not be fastened to a staff or halyard from which the flag is flown.
(j) No part of the flag should ever be used as a costume or athletic uniform. However, a flag patch may be affixed to the uniform of military personnel, firemen, policemen, and members of patriotic organizations. The flag represents a living country and is itself considered a living thing. Therefore, the lapel flag pin being a replica, should be worn on the left lapel near the heart.
(k) The flag, when it is in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem for display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning. (Disposal of Unserviceable Flags Ceremony)

§ 9. Conduct during hoisting, lowering or passing of flag

During the ceremony of hoisting or lowering the flag or when the flag is passing in a parade or in review, those present in uniform should render the military salute. Members of the Armed Forces and veterans who are present but not in uniform may render the military salute. All other persons present should face the flag and stand at attention with their right hand over the heart, or if applicable, remove their headdress with their right hand and hold it at the left shoulder, the hand being over the heart. Citizens of other countries should stand at attention. All such conduct toward the flag in a moving column should be rendered at the moment the flag passes.

§ 10. Modification of rules and customs by President

Any rule or custom pertaining to the display of the flag of the United States of America, set forth herein, may be altered, modified, or repealed, or additional rules with respect thereto may be prescribed, by the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of the United States, whenever he deems it to be appropriate or desirable; and any such alteration or additional rule shall be set forth in a proclamation.
Executive Order No. 10834 issued by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on August 24, 1959, amended the provisions of Title 4, U.S.C., Chapter 1 and established the 50 star Flag as the official Flag of the United States, effective on July 4, 1960.

Pledge of Allegiance
Is it proper for female Legionnaires (cap or complete uniform) to remove their Legion caps during the “Pledge of Allegiance,” National Anthem and during prayer?
Since it may be inconvenient for female Legionnaires to remove their caps, it is permissible to conduct themselves as if they were not wearing a cap, i.e., place the right hand over the heart to recite the Pledge and during the National Anthem, and stand in proper manner during prayer. Should she elect to render the military salute during the Pledge, she must “remain silent.” (Americanism Commission)

When should small flags displayed on graves on Memorial Day be removed?
Cemetery Flags
When should small flags displayed on graves on Memorial Day be removed?
All Legion posts should follow the practice of removing flags from veterans’ graves as soon as possible after Memorial Day.

Can the flag be washed or dry-cleaned?
Can the flag be washed or dry-cleaned?
Yes. There are no provisions of the Flag Code which prohibit such care. The decision to wash or dry-clean would be dependent on the material. (Americanism Commission)

General Flag Etiquette
What is meant by the flag’s own right?
The “right” as the position of honor developed from the time when the “right hand” was the “weapon hand” or “point of danger.” The right hand raised without weapon was a sign of peace. The right hand, to any observer, is the observer’s left. Therefore, as used in the Flag Code, the flag and/or blue field is displayed to the left of the observer, which is the flag’s “own right.”

Link to handbook
Manual of Cermony and PRAYERS
Section 1. Commander: The Sons of The American Legion Commander is the executive head of the organization at his level with full power to carry out the mandates and policies of the Sons of The American Legion as approved by The American  Legion. He shall perform such other duties as are usually incident to the office.

Section 2. Vice Commander: The Vice Commander or Vice Commanders shall act as representative of the Commander on all matters referred to them by him, and shall, on his request, preside over meetings and perform such other duties as are usually incident to the office.

Section 3. Adjutant: The Adjutant, who corresponds to the secretary of an organization, shall be charged with the usual duties of an adjutant or secretary. He is the administrative officer of the policies and mandates of the organization.

Section 4. Finance Officer: The Finance Officer shall be the custodian of the funds of the organization, he shall be charged with the receiving and disbursing of the funds of the Squadron, intermediate level, or Detachment and shall make reports on the condition of the treasury at each regular meeting, and when called for by the Commander or Executive Committee; provided, however, that all disbursements shall first be approved at the appropriate level of The American Legion. He shall perform such other duties as are usually incident to the office.

Section 5. Sergeant-at-Arms: The Sergeant-at-Arms shall be charged with the responsibility of preserving order at all meetings and shall be given the custody and responsibility of the colors of the organization. He shall perform such other duties as are usually incident to the office.

Section 6. Chaplain: The Chaplain shall perform such divine and non-sectarian service as shall be necessary adhering to the ceremonial rituals as may be prescribed.

Section 7. Historian: The Historian shall collect from year to year all records and data of value and interest to the Sons of The American Legion and The American Legion, and shall compile during his term of office a complete history of the year’s activities.

Section 8. All officers of the Sons of The American Legion in the performance of their duties shall be governed by The American Legion at the appropriate level. All actions of the Sons of The American Legion at the Squadron level, intermediate level, and at the Detachment level shall be subject to review and ratification at the appropriate level of The American Legion.